Web Browsing in MOFO Linux

MOFO Linux offers multiple ways to browse the internet while circumventing censorship barriers. There are, however, access priorities and performance trades to consider. We will explore some of the main factors in the paragraphs below.

The two main considerations for internet browsing in MOFO Linux are anonymity and connection bandwidth. One can have high anonymity but get content at a lower speed, or browse with faster speed and have less anonymity and greater exposure to censorship.

Firefox, with Lantern or Psiphon domain fronting proxies, is the primary means of accessing web content in MOFO Linux. Starting either proxy method will bring up Firefox and make the necessary network connections to circumvent censorship barriers. Both provide good broadband connectivity and use moderate encryption to thwart moderate surveillance and deep packet inspection. State level attackers have the means to time, capture, and eventually decrypt traffic through these proxies, so they should be considered access and not anonymity tools. These circumvention tools rely on relaying browser traffic through domains that are financially harmful for the censoring government to block. Thus, they work most of the time, with only intermittent interruption.

Kodi Media Center, while not a web browser per se, does use the web to access much of its content. State censorship systems can (and do) impair the ability to find and stream content in Kodi, so it is configured in MOFO Linux to use the same circumvention methods as Firefox. Streaming bandwidth is lower than when connecting directly to a content source, but the content is unblocked.

OpenVPN and SoftEther provide high bandwidth and secure access to remote VPN severs. These currently have the significant disadvantage of being easily detected and blocked by censoring countries. Without using extra obfuscation methods, do not expect OpenVPN or SoftEther to work in countries such as China or Iran.

Tor Browser is the primary tool for anonymous web access in MOFO Linux. It uses a system of pluggable transports for obfuscation and onion routing which greatly increases the difficulty for an attacker to determine user's IP address. Tor Browser uses a separate instance of Firefox, specially configured and hardened, to access the internet. There is some latency on the network of Tor relays, so streaming content is slower than on Psiphon or Lantern, but Tor provides both strong anonymity and resistance to blocking. Tor Browser also provides access to hidden services only accessible through Tor relays.

Note that MOFO Linux contains an installation of Tor separate from the one in Tor Browser. It is available through the Tor Controller application and must be used with Obfs4 or Scramblesuit pluggable transports. Tor Controller will configure Firefox to use Tor instead of Lantern or Psiphon.

I2P and Freenet are the other darknet applications, other than Tor, in MOFO Linux. These provide access to their own respective content, and because of encryption and network relays, I2P and Freenet offer anonymity and redistance to censorship.


Tags:unblocked Web browsing, anonymous web browsig, psiphon and Firefox, Lantern and Firefox
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